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[Linrad] Re: Progress
- Subject: [Linrad] Re: Progress
- From: Dave Sublette <arrl.net; k4to@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- Date: Wed, 15 Apr 2009 13:22:08 -0400
Leif Asbrink wrote:
> Hi Dave,
>> I have added 10 dB of amplification to the direct input of the SDR-14
>> for a total of 25 dB now. When I disconnect the 144 mhz signal from the
>> input to the SDR-14, the main spectrum base line now drops 20 dB, I
>> believe this tells me that I have enough gain ahead of the SDR-14 to
>> have proper operation.
> Hmmm, not quite. What happens when you switch off the mast mounted
> preamp? (The 10 dB amplifier could be a noise generator.) You can
> not be sure on the whole system until you verify that the noise you
> hear is dominated by the antenna and first amplifier.
You are correct. When I switch off the mast mounted stuff, the base line
of the main spectrum display still only drops 5-7 dB, indicating that I
don't have enough gain at the top.
> There is of course no guarantee that all is ok by this test, but
> as long as you trust the preamp to have a low noise figure, you
> can be syre.
Unless I have a failure I tested the nf as 1.5 dB and the gain is 25 dB
ftom the intput of the preamp to the output of the transverter at 144
mhz. I ave an HP8970A automatic noise figure meter.
>> I experimented with RCF shift and found that a value of 4 gives a base
>> line of +20 dB in the main spectrum display. If I read everything
>> correctly, I believe this is the desired level.
> On the linrad home page:
> there is a section: "Dynamic range considerations"
> with a link to
> Since MAP65-IQ expects 16 bit data you have to run the backwards
> FFT (from fft1 to timf2) with 16 bit arithmetics.
> Rounding happens at the fft1 output and you have to set the
> signal level for the noise floor in each bin of fft1 to be well
> above the quantization noise that the rounding from float to integer
> leads to. Press 'A' and read the value after "Floor" it is given
> in bits at the fft1 output. Never allow floor to go below 3.
> (That corresponds to a level of about 13 dB in the main spectrum.)
I am not using the MAP65-IQ program. I am in the Weak CW mode of LINRAD.
I don't how the backward FFT relates to WCW mode. Right now, backward
FFT is not selected.
> Under normal circumstances, place "Floor" between 6 and 9.
> (It is in units of bits in linear scale) The noise floor in the
> main spectrum will then be around 20 dB.
> Note that the SDR-IQ is a 16 bit device. The output shift it does
> is a rounding and you have to be sure that the associated quantization
> noise is very small.
I am using SDR-14, so I don't know how SDR-IQ relates here.
> When you find 20 dB noise floor with an output shift of
> 4 all is ok on the input side of fft1 (the SDR-IQ output)
> ONLY if the first FFT amplitude is 1000 (or more)
> In case you increase the output shift by 2 units and then
> compensate by making the first FFT gain 4000 you will still
> see the noise floor at 20 dB and a good "Floor" value at
> the output of fft1, but you would have lost 2 bits at the
> input and then the quantization noise caused by the output
> shift in the SDR-IQ would no longer be negligible.
I am understanding more of the concept of optimizing range and
quantization error, but until I get my gain at the top fixed, I can't
really worry about it.
> There is one more place where one has to worry about rounding
> errors when using MAP65 and that is at the output of the
> backwards fft1, the timf2 function. The noise floor in timf2 should
> be about 20 dB above 1 bit. That is the red line in the horizontal
> bar in the high resolution graph. There is nothing wrong in setting
> the noise floor higher as long as timf2 does not saturate.
> (Check by pressing 'A' that there is a margin.)
> The links above give more details.
>> The sensitivity of the LINRAD now appears to be very close to the same
>> as the K2 receiver that I use to copy by ear. I can see signals on the
>> waterfall as weak as I can hear them in the K2.
> Yes. I expect you to find that the antenna mounted preamp now
> raises the noise floor by at least 15 dB:-)
>> However, the audio demod from the baseband through the speaker is at
>> least 10 dB less sensitive than the K2. In other words, I can copy
>> signals on the K2 by ear and can see them, but they are not audible in
>> the speaker of the computer, nor is there a visual indication in the
>> baseband window. I am sure that the BFO tuning is identical on both
>> because on stronger signals, the CW tone is the same. I use about 450 hz.
>> I think maybe this is due to not having a narrow enough filter setup in
>> the LINRAD parameters. I am still struggling to understand all of the
>> various FFT's and multiplying factors.
> OK. You have little vertical yellow bars in the baseband graph to set
> the filter bandwidth. There is also "First mixer bandwidth reduction"
> that sets the total span of the baseband as a fraction of the input
>> But, progress is progress and I am pleased to have gotten this far.
> I hope I will read from you soon that you can now copy better with
> Linrad than with the K3;-)
> (But you will need earphones to use Coh modes.)
> Leif / SM5BSZ
I am now modeling my system using Agilent's ApCAD and the model doesn't
show the same problem with gain at the top. I am modeling the SDR-14
direct input at 33 dB noise figure and 0 gain. Is this reasonable?
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